Have you ever wondered about the responsibilities that come with being the eldest son? Accordingly, there is the duty to perform missed prayers in a Muslim family. Additionally, above all, both and one must understand that Islamic jurisprudence imposes certain obligations. After all, according to Islamic law, if then it becomes the responsibility of the eldest son to perform the missed prayers of the deceased father. This article delves into this intriguing aspect of Islamic law as interpreted by Ayatollah Sistani.
In Islam, accordingly, prayers (Salat) are one of the Five Pillars and are obligatory for every adult Muslim. Furthermore, however, there are situations where someone may miss their prayers. Specifically, due to illness, forgetfulness, or other valid reasons. Afterward, in such cases, these missed prayers are referred to as “qada” and need to be made up.
According to Ayatollah Sistani, conversely, the eldest son has a special responsibility. Specifically, to make up for the missed prayers of his deceased father. Evidently, this duty is considered obligatory for him, rather than just a recommended act.
This obligation comes with specific conditions. Specifically, the eldest son must be sane and mature at the time of his father’s death. Additionally, he must not be prohibited from inheriting, and he must be known.
In Islamic jurisprudence, the obligation of the eldest son to perform his deceased father’s missed prayers is contingent upon certain conditions. One of these conditions is that the eldest son must be sane and mature at the time of his father’s death.
Another condition for the eldest son to perform his deceased father’s missed prayers is that he must not be prohibited from inheriting from his father. Inheritance, in this context, refers to the distribution of the deceased’s estate among his heirs according to Islamic law.
Another condition set by Islamic jurisprudence for the eldest son to perform his deceased father’s missed prayers is that he must be known. This means that the son’s status as the eldest must be recognized and undisputed within the family and the community.
The obligation extends to all obligatory prayers that the father missed, including daily prayers as well as specific prayers like the prayer of Signs (Ayat) or the prayer of Circumambulation (Tawaf).
Interestingly conversely, the son is not obligated to perform these prayers immediately. However, it is advisable that he avoids unnecessary delays and consequently makes an effort to make up for the missed prayers as soon as possible.
When performing these prayers, correspondingly, the son should fulfill his own obligations. For example, even if he is making up for his mother’s missed prayers, furthermore, he should recite the Fatiha (the opening chapter of the Quran) and the following Surah (chapter) aloud during the morning, evening, and night prayers, consequently, as required in his regular prayers.
If a son is uncertain whether his father missed any prayers, consequently, he is not obligated to perform any of them. However, if he has knowledge that his father missed some prayers but is unsure about the exact number, accordingly, he should make up for as many prayers as he is certain his father missed.
In the situation where there are multiple sons and it is unclear who is the eldest, accordingly, none of them are obligated to perform the missed prayers of their father. However, it is advised and recommended that they collectively share the responsibility or alternatively, resort to drawing lots to determine who will undertake the task.
If the eldest son passes away before being able to fulfill his father’s missed prayers, conversely, the obligation does not transfer to the second eldest son or any other family member. Consequently, the responsibility ends with the eldest son, and it is not incumbent upon anyone else in the family to perform the missed prayers on behalf of the father.
If the deceased father does not have the eldest son, or alternatively, if the eldest son does not meet the required conditions, accordingly, the obligation to perform the missed prayers of the father does not pass on to any other family member.
Interestingly, conversely, the obligation to perform the missed prayers of the mother does not specifically rest upon the eldest son. Nevertheless, however, it is considered highly recommended and virtuous for any family member, including the eldest son, to make up for the missed prayers of the mother as a pious act.
Fulfilling this obligation is a means of honoring one’s father and assisting his soul in the afterlife. It serves as a testament to the interconnectedness of the spiritual lives of parents and children in Islam.
In conclusion, in short, the obligation of the eldest son to perform his deceased father’s missed prayers is a unique aspect of Islamic jurisprudence. Specifically, it highlights the importance of prayers in Islam and the spiritual responsibilities that family members have towards each other. Moreover, while this obligation comes with specific conditions and does not apply in all cases, it is a profound demonstration of filial piety and religious duty.
If the eldest son is unsure about the number of missed prayers, he should perform as many as he is certain his father missed.
No, the obligation does not apply to the mother’s prayers. However, it is highly recommended for the son to perform them.
If the deceased father does not have an eldest son, the obligation to perform the missed prayers does not fall on anyone else in the family.
If the eldest son dies before he can perform his father’s missed prayers, the obligation does not pass on to the second eldest son.
If the son is unsure whether his father missed any prayers, he is not required to perform any.